What Is a Bunion?
There are many patients who may notice a bony protrusion developing on the side of their big toe. This may be consistent with the signs of a bunion, which typically produces pain and discomfort. It is considered to be a bone deformity, and there are specific reasons why this condition may develop. These causes can include genetic factors, or it may gradually appear from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. If the bunion is severe, larger shoes may have to be purchased, which can accommodate the growing bunion. Many patients find mild relief when a small pad is worn over it, as this may help to protect it from friction that may be caused by wearing shoes. If you are afflicted with a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer you proper treatment options.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.